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Overview

A media stream captured by WCS can be recorded during publishing.

Supported protocols:

  • WebRTC
  • RTMP
  • RTSP

Recording formats:

  • MP4 for H.264 + AAC codecs
  • WebM for VP8 + Vorbis codecs

Quick manual on testing

Stream recording

1. For this test we use the demo server at demo.flashphoner.com and the Stream Recording web application

https://demo.flashphoner.com/client2/examples/demo/streaming/stream_recording/recording.html


2. Click the "Start" button. Capturing and publishing of the stream starts.


3. Click the "Stop" button. Broadcasting stops, and a link to play and download the recorded fragment appears.

Configuration

Server side

Turning stream recording on and off

By default, stream recording is turned on.
To turn recording off add the following line to the config /usr/local/FlashphonerWebCallServer/conf/flashphoner.properties:

record_streams=false

Parameter

record_flash_published_streams=true

turns on recording for the streams published with Flash, RTMP encoder or republished from another RTMP server.

Parameter

record_rtsp_streams=true

turns on recording for the streams captured from RTSP IP cameras.

Forming the name of the stream record file

Parameter stream_record_policy sets the way to from the name of the stream record file. For example,

stream_record_policy=streamName

means that the file name will match the stream name. So, the stream published with ffmpeg

ffmpeg -re -i BigBuckBunny.mp4 -preset ultrafast -acodec aac -vcodec h264 -strict -2 -f flv rtmp://test1.flashphoner.com:1935/live/stream_ffmpeg

will be written to file stream_ffmpeg.mp4.

By default, the file name is formed by template

stream_record_policy=template

In its turn, the template is specified with stream_record_policy_template parameter. By default

stream_record_policy_template=stream-{mediaSessionId}-{login}

The following elements can be used in template:

ElementDescriptionMaximum size
{streamName}Stream name
{startTime}Rocording start time20 characters
{sessionId}Session ID in BASE64 encoding60 characters
{mediaSessionId}Media session ID36 characters
{login}Login32 characters
{audioCodec}Audiocodec4 characters
{videoCodec}Videocodec4 characters

When the file name matches the stream name, it may contain characters that are not allowed in file names, slash '/' for example. In that case, the file name should be encoded using the parameter

encode_record_name=true,HEX

Then, the file name will be encoded with a hexadecimal number. The parameter

encode_record_name=true,BASE64

will encode the file name with BASE64 encoding.

Another way to escape invalid characters is to remove them using exclude_record_name_characters parameter. By default

exclude_record_name_characters=/

For example, to remove colons, commas, periods and slashes set

exclude_record_name_characters=:.,/

Record files rotation

Stream records can be splitted to parts of a given duration using record_rotation parameter. For example, the setting

record_rotation=20

specifies a fragment duration as 10 seconds.

Record files handling script

The on_record_hook_script setting points to the shell script that is invoked when stream recording finishes.

The script is placed to the /usr/local/FlashphonerWebCallServer/bin folder by default:

on_record_hook_script=/usr/local/FlashphonerWebCallServer/bin/on_record_hook.sh

but it can be placed to any folder with any name, for example:

on_record_hook_script=/opt/on_record.sh

This script can be used to copy or move the stream record from the WCS_HOME/records directory to another location after recording completes.

Example:

STREAM_NAME=$1
SRC_FILE=$2
SRC_DIR="/usr/local/FlashphonerWebCallServer/records/"
REPLACE_STR="/var/www/html/stream_records/$STREAM_NAME-"
DST_FILE="${SRC_FILE/$SRC_DIR/$REPLACE_STR}"
cp $SRC_FILE $DST_FILE

Here

  • $1 - stream name
  • $2 - absolute path and file name of the stream record
  • when stream recording ends, the record file is copied to /var/www/html/stream_records/

It is necessary to take into account the length of the absolute file name (including folder path) that will be formed when copying record file. If the absolute name of the target file exceeds 255 characters limit, copy command will fail with error, so the handling script will not work as expected.

Adjusting record audio sample rate

By default, audio track is recorded with sample rate 44.1 kHz. This value can be changed using the following parameter if necessary

record_audio_codec_sample_rate=48000

In this case, record audio sample rate will be set to 48 kHz.

Client side

If stream recording is enabled on the server, whether the stream is recorded or not is determined by the value of record parameter passed into the createStream function in the script of the publisher client:

  • true - the stream published by this client is recorded;
  • false - the stream is not recorded.

For instance, the script of the Stream Recording application recording.html, recording.js, contains the following code:

function publishStream(session) {
    var streamName = $('#url').val().split('/')[3];
    session.createStream({
        name: streamName,
        display: localVideo,
        record: true,
        receiveVideo: false,
        receiveAudio: false
        ...
    }).publish();
}

Stream recording on demand

Sometimes, it is necessary to record the stream that already exists on server, mixer output stream for example. This can be done with REST API. Note that only streams in "PUBLISHING" state can be recorded.

REST query must be HTTP/HTTPS POST query like this:

  • HTTP: http://streaming.flashphoner.com:8081/rest-api/stream/startRecording
  • HTTPS: https://streaming.flashphoner.com:8444/rest-api/stream/startRecording

Where:

  • streaming.flashphoner.com is WCS server address
  • 8081 is a standard WCS REST / HTTP port
  • 8444 is a standard WCS REST / HTTPS port
  • rest-api is mandatory prefix
  • /stream/startRecording is REST method

REST methods and response statuses

REST method

Example of REST query

Example of REST response

Response statuses

Description

/stream/startRecording


{
 "mediaSessionId": "5a072377-73c1-4caf-abd3"
}

404 - Not found

500 - Internal error


Start stream recording in specified mediasession


/stream/stopRecording
{
 "mediaSessionId": "5a072377-73c1-4caf-abd3"
}

404 - Not found

500 - Internal error

Stop stream recording in specified mediasession

Parameters

Parameter name

Description

Example

mediaSessionId

Media session identificator

5a072377-73c1-4caf-abd3

Known issues

1. Maximum length of file name in all actual Linux file systems is limited to 255 characters. When record file is created, its name will be trimmed to this limit including extension and part number if rotation is enabled.

2. When stream published in chat room is recorded, file rotation will be automatically disabled, otherwise record files will not be merged.

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