Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

Overview

WCS allows mixing streams of active broadcasts. The output stream of the mixer can be recordedplayed or republished using any of technologies supported by WCS.
Mixing is controlled using settings and REST API.

Supported protocols of input streams

  • WebRTC
  • RTMP
  • RTSP

Output stream control capabilities

The mixer allows custom placing of video streams in the output frame. The stream with a certain name (by default desktop) is seen as screensharing and hence is placed in the center of the frame:

Automatically create a mixer when publishing the stream

If the name of the published RTMP stream has the '#' symbol, the server treats everything after that symbols as the name of the mixer that will be created when the stream is published. For instance, for the user1#room1 stream, the room1 mixer is created, and the stream is added to this mixer then. The stream name can also include the screen sharing keyword, for example, user1#room1#desktop

Operation flowchart

  1. The browser connects to the server via the Websocket protocol and sends the publish command.
  2. The browser sends the WebRTC stream1 to the server.
  3. Flash Player establishes a connection via RTMP and sends the publish command.
  4. Flash Player sends the RTMP stream2 to the server.
  5. The REST client creates a mixer with the output stream3 using the query: /mixer/startup
  6. The REST client adds stream1 to the mixer
  7. The REST client adds stream2 to the mixer
  8. The second browser establishes a connection via Websocket and sends the play command.
  9. The second browser receives the WebRTC audio stream stream3 and plays that stream on the page.

REST queries

A REST-query must be an HTTP/HTTPS POST query in the following form:

  • HTTP: http://streaming.flashphoner.com:8081/rest-api/mixer/startup
  • HTTPS: https://streaming.flashphoner.com:8444/rest-api/mixer/startup

Here:

  • streaming.flashphoner.com - is the address of the WCS server
  • 8081 - the standard REST / HTTP port of the WCS server
  • 8444 - the standard HTTPS port
  • rest-api - the required prefix
  • mixer/startup - the REST-method used

REST-methods and response statuses

REST-method

Example of REST query

Example of response

Response statuses

Description

/mixer/startup

{
  "uri": "mixer://mixer1",
  "localStreamName": "stream3",
  "hasVideo": "false"
}

200 - OK

409 - Conflict

500 - Internal error

Creates a mixer the provided stream is published for

/mixer/add

{
  "uri": "mixer://mixer1",
  "remoteStreamName": "stream1"
}

200 - OK

404 - Mixer not found

404 - Stream not found

500 - Internal error

Add the RTMP stream to the mixer

/mixer/remove

{
  "uri": "mixer://mixer1",
  "remoteStreamName": "stream1"
}

200 - OK

404 - Mixer not found

404 - Stream not found

500 - Internal error

Remove the RTMP stream from the mixer

/mixer/find_all


{
"localMediaSessionId": "ce92b134-2468-4460-8d06-1ea3c5aabace",
"remoteMediaSessionId": null,
"localStreamName": "mixer1",
"remoteStreamName": null,
"uri": "mixer://mixer1",
"status": "PROCESSED_LOCAL",
"mediaSessions": [
  "95bf2be8-f459-4f62-9a7f-c588f33e0ad3",
  "693781de-cada-4589-abe1-c3ee55c66901"
],
}

200 - OK

404 - Not found

500 - Internal error

Find all mixers

/mixer/terminate

{
  "uri": "mixer://mixer1"
}

200 - OK

404 - Not found

500 - Internal error

Terminate operation of the mixer

/stream/startRecording

{
  "mediaSessionId": "23d07fa1-3c74-4d6f-a0de-9b4bf83ce665"
}

200 - OK

404 - Not found

500 - Internal error

Start recording of the stream in the given media session

/stream/stopRecording

{
  "mediaSessionId": "23d07fa1-3c74-4d6f-a0de-9b4bf83ce665"
}

200 - OK

404 - Not found

500 - Internal error

Stop recording the stream in the given media session

Parameters

Parameter name

Description

Example

uri

Unique identifier of the mixer

mixer://mixer1

localStreamName

Name of the output stream of the mixer

stream3

hasVideoMix video (true) or audio only (false)false

remoteStreamName

Name of the stream added to the mixer

stream1

rtmp://rtmp.flashphoner.com:1935/live/rtmp_stream1

mediaSessionId

Media session identifier

ce92b134-2468-4460-8d06-1ea3c5aabace

status

Stream status

PROCESSED_LOCAL

Sending the REST query to the WCS server

To send the REST query to the WCS server use a REST-client.

Configuration

Mixing can be configured using the following parameters in the flashphoner.properties settings file

Parameter

Default value

Description

mixer_video_desktop_layout_inline_padding

10

Distance (padding) between windows of video streams in the lower line (below the screen sharing window)

mixer_video_desktop_layout_padding

30

Distance (padding) between the screen sharing window and the lower line (the rest streams)

mixer_video_enabled

true

Enables (by default) or disables video mixing

mixer_video_grid_layout_middle_padding

10

Distance between windows of video streams in one line (without screen sharing window)

mixer_video_grid_layout_padding

30

Distance between lines of windows (without screen sharing window)

mixer_video_height

720

The image height of the mixer output stream

mixer_video_layout_desktop_key_word

desktop

Keyword for the screen sharing stream

mixer_video_width

1280

The image width of the mixer output stream

record_mixer_streams

false

Turns on or off (default) recording of all mixer output streams

Automatic mixer creation configuration

Automatic creation of mixers for streams with the '#' symbol in their name requires the application that handles input streams to register the handler: 'com.flashphoner.server.client.handler.wcs4.FlashRoomRecordingStreamingHandler'. Registering the handler can be done using the command line interface. For instance, for the flashStreamingApp application used to publish incoming RTMP streams this can be done with the following command:

update app -m com.flashphoner.server.client.handler.wcs4.FlashRoomRecordingStreamingHandler -c com.flashphoner.server.client.handler.wcs4.FlashStreamingCallbackHandler flashStreamingApp

You can read more about managing applications using the command line of the WCS server here.

Audio and video mixing configuration

By default, both video and audio streams are mixed. If audio only mixing is necessary, it should be set on mixer creation

{
 "uri": "mixer://mixer1",
 "localStreamName": "stream3",
 "hasVideo": "false"
}

To switch off video mixing for all streams, this parameter should be set in flashphoner.properties file

mixer_video_enabled=false

In this case video mixing can be switched on for certain mixer on its creation.

Mixer output stream bufferization

In some cases, mixer output stream bufferization is needed. This feature is enabled with the following parameter in flashphoner.properties file

mixer_out_buffer_enabled=true

The buffer size is defined in milliseconds with parameter

mixer_out_buffer_start_size=400

In this case, the buffer size is 400 ms.

Stream data fetching from buffer and sending period is defined in milliseconds with parameter

mixer_out_buffer_polling_time=20

In this case, the period is 20 ms.

Changing bitrate of mixer output stream

When OpenH264 codec is used for transcoding, it is possible to change bitrate of mixer output stream with the following parameter in flashphoner.properties file

mixer_video_bitrate_kbps=2000

By default, mixer output stream bitrate is set to 2 Mbps. If a channel bandwith between server and viewer is not enough, bitrate can be reduced, for example

encoder_priority=OPENH264
mixer_video_bitrate_kbps=1500

If picture quality with default bitrate is low, or distortion occurs, it is recommended to rise mixer outout stream bitrate to 3-5 Mbps

encoder_priority=OPENH264
mixer_video_bitrate_kbps=5000

Mixer output stream sound management

By default, mixer output stream sound is encoded to Opus with sample rate 48 kHz. These settings may be changed using the parameters in flashphoner.properties file. For example, to use mixer output stream in SIP call the following value can be set:

audio_mixer_output_codec=pcma
audio_mixer_output_sample_rate=8000

In this case, sound will be encoded to PCMA (alaw) with sample rate 8 kHz.

Using custom losless videoprocessor for incoming streams handling

To handle mixer incoming streams, if additional bufferizing or audio and video tracks syncronizing is required for example, the custom losless videoprocessor may be used. This feature is enabled with the following parameter in flashphoner.properties file

mixer_lossless_video_processor_enabled=true

The maximum size of mixer buffer in milliseconds is set with this parameter

mixer_lossless_video_processor_max_mixer_buffer_size_ms=200

By default, maximum mixer buffer size is 200 ms. After filling this buffer, the custom losless videoprocessor uses its own buffer and waits for mixer buffer freeing. The period of mixer buffer checking is set in milleseconds with this parameter

mixer_lossless_video_processor_wait_time_ms=20

By default, the mixer buffer checking period is 20 ms.

Note that usng the custom losless videoprocessor may degrade realtime perfomance.

When custom losless videoprocessor is used, it is necessary to stop mixer with REST query /mixer/terminate to free all consumed resources. Mixer can be stopped also by stopping all incaming streams, in this case mixer will stop when following timeout in milliseconds expires

mixer_activity_timer_timeout=60000

By default, mixer will stop after 60 seconds if there are no active incoming streams.

Mixer output stream layout management

By default, three mixer output stream layouts are implemented:

1. Grid layoud

This layout can be enabled with the following parameter in flashphoner.properties file

mixer_layout_class=com.flashphoner.media.mixer.video.presentation.GridLayout

2. Zero padding grid layout

This layout can be enabled with the following parameter

mixer_layout_class=com.flashphoner.media.mixer.video.presentation.CenterNoPaddingGridLayout

and works for input streams of equal resolution with thesame  aspect ratio only


3. Desktop (screen sharing) layout

This layout is enabled if one of mixer input streams has a name defined in the following parameter

mixer_video_layout_desktop_key_word=desktop

By default, desktop name is used for screen sharing stream.

Custom mixer layout implementation

For more fine tuning of mixer layout, custom Java class should be developed to implement IVideoMixerLayout interface, for example

TestLayout.java
package com.flashphoner.mixerlayout;

import com.flashphoner.sdk.media.IVideoMixerLayout;
import com.flashphoner.sdk.media.YUVFrame;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public class TestLayout implements IVideoMixerLayout {

    private static final int PADDING = 5;

    @Override
    public Layout[] computeLayout(YUVFrame[] yuvFrames, String[] strings, int canvasWidth, int canvasHeight) {
        ArrayList<IVideoMixerLayout.Layout> layout = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int c = 0; c < yuvFrames.length; c++) {
            Point prevPoint = new Point();
            Dimension prevDimension = new Dimension(canvasWidth, canvasHeight);
            if (layout.size() > 0) {
                prevPoint.setLocation(layout.get(c-1).getPoint());
                prevDimension.setSize(layout.get(c-1).getDimension());
            }
            Point currentPoint = new Point((int) (prevPoint.getX()+prevDimension.getWidth()+PADDING), 
                                           (int)(prevPoint.getY()+prevDimension.getHeight()));
            layout.add(new IVideoMixerLayout.Layout(currentPoint, new Dimension(canvasWidth/yuvFrames.length, 
		                                            canvasHeight/yuvFrames.length), yuvFrames[c]));
        }
        return layout.toArray(new IVideoMixerLayout.Layout[layout.size()]);
    }
}

Then the class should be complied into byte code. To do this, create folder tree accordind to TestLayout class package name

mkdir -p com/flashphoner/mixerlayout

and execute the command

javac -cp /usr/local/FlashphonerWebCallServer/lib/tbs-flashphoner.jar ./com/flashphoner/mixerlayout/TestLayout.java

Now, pack the code compiled to jar file

jar -cf testlayout.jar ./com/flashphoner/mixerlayout/TestLayout.class

and copy this file to WCS libraries folder

cp testlayout.jar /usr/local/FlashphonerWebCallServer/lib

To use custom mixer layout class, set it to the following parameter in flashphoner.properties file

mixer_layout_class=com.flashphoner.mixerlayout.TestLayout

and restart WCS.

With this custom layout, mixer output stream for three input streams will look like:

Quick manual on testing

1. For this test we use:

  • the demo server at demo.flashphoner.com;
  • the Chrome browser and the REST-client to send queries to the server;
  • the Two Way Streaming web application to publish input streams of the mixer;
  • the Player web application to play the output stream of the mixer.

2. Open the page of the Two Way Streaming application. Publish the stream named stream1:


3. In another tab open the page of the Two Way Streaming application. Publish the stream named desktop:


4. Open the REST client. Send the /mixer/startup query and specify the URI of the mixer mixer://mixer1 and the output stream name stream3 in its parameters:


5. Send the /mixer/add query and specify the URI of the mixer mixer://mixer1 and the input stream name stream1 in its parameters:


6. Open the Player web application, specify the name of the output stream of the mixer stream3 in the Stream field and click Start:


7. Send /mixer/add and specify the URI of the mixer mixer://mixer1 and the input stream name desktop in its parameters:


8. In the output stream of the mixer you should see the desktop stream that imitates screen sharing and the stream stream1:

Call flow

Below is the call flow when using the mixer.


1. Publishing of the WebRTC stream stream1

2. Sending the WebRTC stream to the server

3. Publishing the RTMP stream stream2

4. Sending the RTMP stream to the server

5. Sending the /mixer/startup query to create the mixer://stream3 mixer with the output stream3

http://demo.flashphoner.com:9091/rest-api/mixer/startup
{
 "uri": "mixer://stream3",
 "localStreamName": "stream3"
}

6. Sending the /mixer/add query to add stream1 to the mixer://stream3 mixer

http://demo.flashphoner.com:9091/rest-api/mixer/add
{
 "uri": "mixer://stream3",
 "localStreamName": "stream3"
 "remoteStreamName": "stream1"
}

7. Sending the /mixer/add query to add stream2 to the mixer://stream3 mixer

http://demo.flashphoner.com:9091/rest-api/mixer/add
{
 "uri": "mixer://stream3",
 "localStreamName": "stream3"
 "remoteStreamName": "stream2"
}

8. Playing the WebRTC stream stream3

9. Sending the WebRTC audio stream to the client

Known issues

1. A mixer is not created is the name of the mixer contains symbols restricted for URI.

Symptoms: a mixer with the name like test_mixer does not create.

Solution: do not use disallowed symbols in the name of a mixer or a stream, especially if automatic mixer creation option is enabled. For instance, the name

user_1#my_room

cannot be used.
If streams of chat rooms are mixed, room names also cannot use restricted symbols.

2. Mixer output stream will be empty if transcoding is enabled on server on demand only.

Symptoms: video streams mixer created successfully, but black screen is played in mixer output stream.

Solution: for stream mixer to work transcoding should be enabled on server with the following parameter in flashphoner.properties file

streaming_video_decoder_fast_start=true
  • No labels